Grounded in the principle of respect for pre-existing features and the surrounding area, with a view to creating a design for the whole area that accepts both the current urban reality of Barañáin and incorporates openness to a new reality constituting a new urban retail park. The concepts that define the proposal are as follows: connectivity, compactness, accessibility, complexity and integration.
Connectivity: A distinction is made between two kinds of roads/paths: one for pedestrians and another for vehicles. The vehicular level implies the need to create a perimeter road around the entity, section and feature required to resolve the internal communication problems of Barañáin. The proposal outlines the creation of a second more external road that allows for parking by the green areas and sporting facilities, to facilitate access for both residents and visitors.
Pedestrians have different needs. On the one hand, connections with the existing network of footpaths in the district are promoted, supported by the riverside paths, facilitating access to this network from the most emblematic public spaces included in the design. The creation of a new footpath that links the north of Barañáin with the area of action defined in the supramunicipal plan drawn up for the high speed rail network (AVE) and the boulevard known as Echavacoiz Norte, brings new value to the area.
Accessibility: The plan for the high-speed rail link will provide Barañáin with access to the south and a connection with the local roads that will radically transform its traditional dependence on the connection with Pamplona to the east.
Compactness:Landscape protection regulations define the area of protection, in this case, protection of plant areas and bare mountains, and determine a percentage of non-intensive occupation with construction on the area of the reserve.
The type of construction chosen must similarly respond to the solution adopted and in this case to its compactness. So as not to limit views of the existing streets and buildings, the type of building chosen incorporates two levels with different heights but integrated into the same block, allowing the existing views to be maintained over the buildings and through the spaces between them, so the radial scheme is projected towards the landscape, creating a feeling of continuity.
Complexity: The nature of the action on the physical border between the urban space and rural space, together with the conditioning factors of the landscape, explain the complexity of an action that is grounded in respect for these surroundings. This complexity has been transferred onto the proposal, turning a prerequisite into an enriching element of the design.
Integration: The new building defines the new outskirts of Barañáin accentuating the current closed profile at ground level but discontinuous at higher levels. The new border is broken up in order to infiltrate the landscape through the shape of the buildings with different heights and connection spaces between blocks. This strategy permits the integration of the green area into the urban space and vice versa. The type of building chosen allows for the creation of a pedestrian footpath all the way around the edge of the town which respects the distant interior-exterior views.